December 3, 1945, the trial began for Capt. Charles McVay over the loss of USS Indianapolis (CA 35). Of all the commanding officers who lost ships during WWII, McVay was the only one court-martialed. McVay was charged with hazarding his ship by not using the technique of zigzagging to avoid sub attacks.

Captain Charles McVay

Mochitsura Hashimoto, who sank the Indianapolis as commanding officer of the submarine I-58, was called to be a witness for the prosecution but testified that zigzagging would not have prevented him from making his successful torpedo attack. However, McVay was still found guilty of negligence.

Japanese Skipper, Mochitsura Hashimoto

The entire ordeal weighed heavily on McVay who committed suicide in 1968. Survivors of the Indianapolis maintained that his conviction was unjust. They campaigned for decades to clear his name.

McVay was posthumously exonerated in 2001.