The United States Logistics Group (TUSLOG) was a cover designation agreed by the U.S. European Command (EUCOM). At the request of the Turkish Government, all U.S. military units and civilian components in Turkey was given this cover designation. HQ TUSLOG was headquartered in Ankara, Turkey. TUSLOG Units were located in Spain, Libya, Italy, Greece, and Turkey. By 1994, all TUSLOG Units had been deactivated.
TUSLOG evolved from the growing Turkish-American alliance that began shortly after World War II. Upon its conclusion, the Soviet Union demanded territorial concessions from Turkey in addition to military bases on the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, revision of the Montreaux Straits Convention which governed shipping in that body of water, and revision of the boundary in European Turkey in favor of communist Bulgaria.
Turkey rejected these demands and feared an armed Soviet intervention. In response to Soviet pressure on Turkey and Soviet encouragement of communist guerrillas in Greece, President Harry Truman delivered a speech to Congress on March 12, 1947 in which he proposed assistance to those two countries in order to counter Soviet actions. This speech became the basis of the “Truman Doctrine” of opposition to Soviet imperialism and marked a turning point in Turkish-American relations. Henceforth the U.S. would be Turkey’s major source of support against the power to the north.
In April 1953, the Joint Chiefs of Staff assigned responsibility for the logistical support of all U.S. forces in Turkey to Headquarters, U.S. Air Forces, Europe (USAFE). In turn, USAFE assigned this responsibility to the 7206th Air Base Squadron (ABS) at Hellenikon Air Base, Greece. On April 1, 1954, Detachment 1 of the 7206 ABS was activated in Ankara, Turkey with a staff of one officer and one airman. This modest force was absorbed by an advanced echelon of the Seventeenth Air Force deployed from Rabat, Morocco in December, 1954. On May 15 1955, Headquarters Seventeenth Air Force activated Headquarters 7217th Support Group in Ankara, Turkey. This unit was referred to as Headquarters “The United States Logistics Group” (HQ TUSLOG). On July 25, 1955, Detachment 1 of the 7206 ABS was discontinued and on August 1, 1955, the 7217 ABS was activated with a staff of five officers, 39 airmen and four Turkish nationals. The 7217 ABS was designated as TUSLOG Detachment 1. HQ TUSLOG oversaw all activities in Turkey as a whole for USAFE, while the Air Base Squadron (TUSLOG Det 1) handled local logistical support for units in Ankara and on the Black Sea coast.
During the “Cold War,” at U.S. listening posts along NATO’s south flank, electronic intelligence (ELINT) specialists assigned to the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) and its affiliates, the U.S. Naval Security Group (NSG), the U.S. Army Security Agency USASA, and the U.S. Air Force Security Service (USAFSS) conducted invaluable electronic surveillance activities in various NATO nations. Including the San Vito Air Base near Brindisi, Italy; Iraklion Air Base, Crete, Greece; and, perhaps most importantly, from listening posts in Turkey. Turkey was the only NATO member with a “window” that overlooked the Soviet Union. Sophisticated equipment at Karamursel monitored Soviet air and naval traffic around Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast and through the Turkish Straits. Stations at Sinop and Samsun devoted similar attention to the Soviet Black Sea Fleet and missile testing sites farther north, while intelligence collectors at Diyarbakir in Turkey’s interior looked toward the Caucasus and Transcaucasus.
In 1957, one of those listening posts was built at Karamursel, in northwestern Turkey, on the Sea of Marmara, 37 miles southeast of Istanbul, Turkey. The station’s express mission was to monitor Russian radio transmissions using a 250 ft (diameter) parabolic antenna that could receive radio or radar signals. The communications facility located at Karamursel AB included an operations building located in the center of an AN/FLR-9 Circularly Disposed Antenna Array (CDAA), also known as a Wullenweber antenna array.
TUSLOG Det 28 was located in Karamursel, Turkey from January 1, 1957 through January 16, 1979, when it was relocated to Sinop, Turkey. TUSLOG Det 28 remained in Sinop until October 1, 1982, at which time Det 28 was disestablished.
U.S. Naval Security Group Karamursel, was located at the Karamursel Common Defense Installation, Karamursel, Turkey near the town of Yalova, Turkey. It was commissioned on January 1, 1957, and disestablished and closed on October 1, 1977.
25 October 2018 at 23:29
Your Station HYPO articles maintaining the history of our various former duty stations are outstanding and a real service to our community. Thank you. Having served at Det 28 Karamursel twice (1957/58) and 1975/77 and serving as OIC DET 28-1 Sinop (1974) and as commissioning CO of DET 28 Sinop in JAN 1979 I was interested in the command’s time line. I saved a CINCUSNAVEUR message R 241237Z SEP 77 in which paragraph 1. states, “On 1 October 1977 TUSLOG Det 28 shifts from Karamursel to Sinop, Turkey and to unmanned status….”You cthistory.com source apparently states that Karamursel was disestablished in OCT 1988. As DET 28 Sinop as in operation from 1979 to 1992, the 1988 disestablishment date is a little confusing. As an aside, I also found your related article on DET 12 Istanbul excellent. I served there in 1958/59.
Keep up the good work.
Robert W. Dickie
26 October 2018 at 13:47
Dear Mr. Dickie,
Correction made: I changed the disestablishment date from 1988 to 1977. Thank you for the feedback and please let me know if you would like to contribute to the blog.
25 February 2022 at 22:01
Dear Mr. Dickie, I’m bit shocked ending up here. My dad was Turkish Naval NATO officer stationed in Golcuk and I was born in Degirmendere.. till I was 5 years old we lived next door to U.S. Military off-base housing or they lived next to our house in Degirmendere.. I was born 1958.. maybe you were there..
2 June 2019 at 18:19
Brings back many pleasant memories, having served at Det 28 (Karamursel) with USAFSS from June 1969 – May 1972. Had my “young” family with me and lived in Yalova for about 6-8 months before acquiring base housing. Of my 20 years serving with USAFSS, this was my best assignment. I found the Turks to be very friendly and a great host, especially if you learned some of their language. I always wondered if the Karamursel Station was still active and now I know. Thanks.
28 June 2020 at 21:00
I served in Karamursel with the navy from July 69 to November 1970. I can’t believe we never encountered each other. I also lived in Yalova with my wife on Esentepe Sokak up on top of the hill overlooking the sea of Maramara. As you say there are pleasant memories.
1 October 2021 at 06:16
I served with Joe and remember that time. Loved the off time for wandering.
11 July 2022 at 20:52
Hi Larry, I have been live in Karamursel base from 1980-1983 when this base hand over Turkish navy, my father was colonel ( he be retired rear admiral )
6 August 2019 at 17:31
I was USAFSS at KAS Turkey as radio intercept analysis 66-68. Met Navy guys in building when they had a question on data. One day one mentioned being gone on mission for a few weeks. Later learned he never returned as he was working on Liberty Ship almost sunk by Isrial during 7 day war. Loss of several Navy men in that attack during Johnson presidency.
17 December 2019 at 04:34
What flight were you on?
I was Baker WX analyst 67- 68.
9 October 2019 at 03:08
Anonymous…. 65 67 a few week mission ..check. Official Liberty death wounded medals awarded count..most one engagement…navsecgru lost large % worldwide in four years .. many were at K Yalova for one or many days between assignments in career. Best & Brightest. TUSLOG 28. Vet.
1 June 2020 at 22:06
Capt. Griffin Chiles was my great uncle. I have some of his photos, plaques and plank from Turkey including the original of photo posted above. Thank you for having this piece of history here. Please let me know if you would be interested in any contributions to this blog.
3 November 2022 at 09:23
I would very much like to know if it is possible t get a scan of the elephant cage at Karamursel.
18 June 2020 at 21:20
Did you perhaps forget to mention the USAFSS installation (TUSLOG 3-1, 6939th Security Squadron) at Trabzon, Turkey (the closest one to the then USSR border)?
5 August 2021 at 23:30
I was stationed in Trabzon in 1957. Lived in houses in town, Worked in Quonset hut on hil overlooking the town, PX , MEDIC CO MOVIES BAR all housed in one house on a main street of town. Chuck Marowski
5 August 2021 at 23:42
Snorkeled in Black Sea. Took 6x to get firewood for bucket a day at a place that was near Sumela[a monastery built into mountain. I believe it was from 13th century. we went to catholic church in trabzon, at a monastery run by a French priest and a French Brother. Enjoyed 13 months in Turkey, About 3 months at Karamursel- the rest at Trabzon!!!
25 June 2020 at 07:19
During the time we were there, 1960-1962, it was known as Karamursel AFB. An AFB where no planes could land on the runway ( antennas ) but the Air Force had the base boat ( used to go to Istanbul ). We have books from the library there that are so marked. Our collection of National Geographics went to the new school library which opened while we were there. I started school in the old Quonset Hut school buildings and finished the school year in the new. We lived directly across the street from the new school buildings in a brand new duplex. Dad at the time was a CTCS( M branch, leading chief ).
I notice you make no mention of the NSG location on Cyprus on the map. Which at the time had CDR G P March as CO when we were there. G P later became a 2 star also. Dad did/oversaw much of the wiring of the Navy Comm Facility Nicosia. Cook left Turkey not long after we arrived and G P later replaced him as head of the NSG HQ. Dad’s promotion to Master Chief was signed by Cook as were his hat and collar devices sent by him. Dad was in route to S. Africa at the time and received them on his stop in Brazil. Dad was retired by G P at Homestead. And that is a whole ‘nother story in itself.
2 March 2021 at 23:01
ENTERED TRABZON IN JANUARY 1961 SPENT A COUPLE OF MONTHS THERE THAN WENT TO KARAMURSEL BECAUSE THEY NEEDED INTERCEPT OPERATORS THERE (ABOUT 6 OR 8 OF US)
5 October 2020 at 00:24
I was there from Aug 1962 until Aug 1963,.grate tour. Many trips to Istanbul. USAF Comm unit.
17 October 2020 at 01:44
I must have been the second wave of sailors at det 28 arriving jan 59 till August 60.
I was not a ct, just a plain seaman.
After all these years, I have great memories and pictures of my time there
21 November 2020 at 20:02
I was there from February 1965 to July 1966. I served in USN based at Karamursel. Tuslog DET 28. Interested in hearing from anyone serving at that time. William P. Lanigan. email@example.com
5 August 2021 at 23:47
Went to high scool with Larry Betz. Ran into him at airmans club in Karamursel in 1957.
21 November 2020 at 20:09
Correction of above comment for William Lanigan serving in Karamursel from 2/65 to 7/66 in Tuslog DET28 Correct email is firstname.lastname@example.org Interested in anyone serving there during that timeframe.
21 November 2020 at 20:12
See above comments posted
24 November 2020 at 21:47
Joe Sinnott, I remember you, visitied your apartment in Yalova.
24 November 2020 at 21:48
Joe Sinnott, I remember you, visitied your apartment in Yalova.
23 April 2021 at 18:12
It’s been half a century since the C-130, in which I was the only passenger, touched down in Turkey. I had no idea, at that moment, that the memories of that summer spent at Incirlik and then Karamursel would include some of the most interesting countryside and culture that I would observe in my short military career. I have often said that Turkey may not have been high on my list of desirable vacation spots, but I wouldn’t trade a moment of time spent there for anything. For my part in your discussions, I’d like to share a couple examples of the more lighthearted side of my experience at Karamursel.
At the time, I was a member of a communications installation squadron out of Germany. For about a month of that summer in 1970, I assisted a team that was assigned the installation of teletype and crypto equipment in a new large comm building on Karamursel.
The day before our job started, the electrical transformer at the new site blew up. As that meant no power in a windowless building, we were told to “hang out” while a new transformer was flown in from Germany and installed. I spent a terrific “vacation” week tanning on the beach and sailing in the Sea of Marmara (thank you Recreation Services personnel). Not withstanding the waterfront amenities, I have vivid memories of the installation team grabbing dinner (hot dogs and beer) at the ball field in order to watch one of the inter-branch fast-pitch softball games. These games were always a hoot as the competition, though apparently good-natured, was just awesome fierce. Hope this jogs a few good memories for others.
8 February 2023 at 01:59
I was part of the installation putting the equipment in that building. I was there in the fall.
17 May 2021 at 22:20
As I search for any thing about our time in Turkey, I appreciate stumbling on this site as it is, indeed, informative.
Our Dad’s records were destroyed in a fire at a U.S. Miltary records facility so I do not know nor remember his Detachment or specific dates served in Turkey.
Best guess 1960 thru 1962.
He; George Vance Garrett retired from the U.S. Navy as a C.T.C.S. around 1965 in Maryland.
If there are any pictures still floating around that he may be spotted in I certainly would love a copy.
18 October 2021 at 17:14
I was stationed at Karumersel in ’63, a USN CT. We were in the movie theater when, after the movie, they announced that JFK had been killed. Made for a very somber night. We were drinking at the enlisted club afterward and every Turkish worker was crying, afraid that the U.S. was finished. We spent a lot of time explaining that Johnson was President now. I used to love the Ferry trips to Istanbul and, who remembers Charlies’ Bar? I liked to take the ferry that made a stop at Büyükada. Loved that quiet, slow-paced island with no cars but enough good-looking girls on the beach. There was a restaurant right at the ferry dock. My most memorable experience: Lower ranks had to take guard duty at the front and rear entrances to our facility about once a month. One night I am on the back door, in a guard booth about 30 feet or so from the door. A U.S. Navy Commander, with 2 foreign military officers, wanted entry without his security badge, I said no. I could have been court-martialed if I let him in. Especially with 2 foreigners. After 3 refusals on my part to let him in, he decided to have one of the other officers go to the door and open it when he hit the button in the guardhouse to unlock it. As he reached in to push the button, without hesitating, I pulled the 45 sidearm, pointed it at his head and said, “push that button and I will shoot you”. He went white and backed away. I held them a gunpoint while I called for the Officer of the Day to come out. He cleared them and in they went. When they left, the U.S. officer glared at me but said nothing. The Officer of the Day asked if I really pointed my sidearm at his head and threatened to shoot him. I said, I did. He laughed and said, “well done”, and that he refused his demand to file a complaint against me for doing my job. Fond memory. I drank free on that episode for a week. lol
18 October 2021 at 18:08
Adding to my previous post. When I transferred to Turkey, I flew commercial. Nice. When I was transferred from Turkey to Gitmo, different story. Flew in the back of a C130 at 500 feet so the Air Force guys in the cockpit could have a chuckle at 2 Navy guys bouncing around near airsick, but not quite. That flight was to the Air Base in Athens. We were told it was 10 days until the next flight to Naples. (Athens, Naples, Rota Spain, Norfolk was the schedule. Took a month to get to Norfolk.) We asked where the barracks were. No barracks. Where do we sleep? We were given $15 a day per diam. Wait. $15 a day? Ten days? $150? Sweet. My monthly pay was only about $60. “When is the next flight after that one” Three weeks. “We’ll take that one.” NO. Get out! Hey, had to try. So we found a really nice family-run hotel in Glyfada. Really nice room, twin beds, and a private bath. $2 a night, a buck each. Meals? Another $1 each for 3 meals that were huge, and soooo good. That left $13 a day for booze and girls. Couldn’t beat it.
Next stop, Naples. Damn, there was a Naval Receiving Station there, so no per diam and hotel. I also got stuck working in the PX grocery store, in produce. There was one interesting part to that. At least 3 Italians working there brought one of their daughters to meet me, clearly hoping I would go crazy and marry one of them. One of them brought 2 different daughters on different days. I guess it was a case of ‘if you didn’t like the last one, how about this one?” I am half Italian, but I’ll pass. After a week it was off to Rota, Spain, and some kind of manual labor I have chosen to forget. A week later, Norfolk to board the USS Mount Mckinley for a 4 day cruise to Gitmo. And so ended the total tale of my Turkish experience. I will admit most of my fondest memories of military service were in Turkey.
12 November 2021 at 06:36
My Dad CTRC Doanld J. Wagner and his brother Howard were both stationed at Karamusel, Turkey. I have some memories of Capt. Hammer and George Livesey.
Dad passed away January 13, 2017 but his brother Howard is still living. His youngest brother Carvel was stationed in Scotland. Carvel was killed in an auto accident but was also a CT.
I served in the Navy from 7JUL89 to 13MAY94 as an OTA.
12 November 2021 at 11:50
Thank you for you comments Cathy.
23 December 2021 at 23:47
In the Air Forces stationed at Karamusal AB from Dec 1961 to 1963. Worked in communication center as Crypto specialist. I was 18 yrs old fresh out of high school. As a farm boy I sure grow up in a hurry As I look back. We had two attempted sabotages. Great experience. ADMarsh
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2 January 2022 at 21:03
In the U.S.Air Force and was stationed at Karamusel from March 1971 to April 1973. I worked as a radio and printer operator at the air station right beside the big Flare-9 antenna. I believe the air station was closed a few years later. I brought my wife over there and we lived in an apartment about 10 miles away in the town of Yalova. The base ran the old school buses back and forth to Yalova every day to take air force men and dependents back and forth to the base. Many other men and their wives lived in apartments in Yalova. I wasn’t eligible for base housing as I was only an airman at that time. I still have a lot of memories from my time there. I have always wanted to go back and see how much has changed in the cities.and surrounding area over the years.
5 August 2022 at 00:02
To Charlie Light – Saw your comment about Karamursel on the Cryptology website. I was at Karamursel Jan 71 through May 72. Got an early out as Nixon cut back military 10 percent. Lived in Yalova with my wife. Our baby came prematurely and instead of going to Germany as most wives did, we were both med evac’d to Ankara to a US military medical facility. They brought a C-130 into the sheep-covered air strip the Nazi’s built in WWII. I was promoted to E-5 while in Turkey but decided not to re-enlist, so was given the force-out. I get together every 2 years with my buddies that all trained at Goodfellow AFB in San Angelo. I was the only one who went to Turkey. The others in my group went to Nam, Japan, Korea, and stateside.
6 February 2022 at 16:19
Am interested in knowing anyone who met my brother, Ray Gadson, at these sites in Turkey in 1960-1962. He took his oath to keep this period of his life secret to the grave. I surmised what he was involved in from what little he did say about the training he endured. One of his daughters is interested in this missing period of his life. email@example.com not on any Social Media.
25 February 2022 at 22:06
Is there anyone here, who lived in Degirmendere off-base housing during 1958 after??
26 May 2022 at 06:10
Things seem a miss to me reading some of the posts. I arrived there in June 1978. the main part of the base was locking down with medical records being burned at the clinic, mine were in this pile, Just hours after me dropping them off. Turkish Guards (the ones with live ammunition) were guarding USAF communications equipment. saying it belonged to Turkey now. We were smuggling it out any way we could to take to other Dets and we disabled what we could not remove. There were a few places open but in disarray the Commissary was giving stuff away or for pennies on the dollar run by off duty AF personnel, the base laundry was a wreck At one point I impersonated a drunk Turkish Captain using a shirt we scrounged from the busted up laundry building with insignia made from chewing gum wrappers held on by straight pins. Following the interpreters lead as he told the guards Çok fena eluding to the drink “rocky” which we spattered on me. They looked at me (laying on a blanket that was covering a bunch of Tropo equipment) I grunted and made some drunk noises really incoherent….they jumped to attention and waived us through the gate…later one learns which guards had live ammo loaded weapons. those big green FN FAL’s….. generally if they had no ammo, a cigarette or two would get you through a gate or check point worst case the pack (Always Marlboro Red)
26 May 2022 at 07:46
I had not heard details about the closure before. I worked 2 years at the operations building next to the FLR-9 antenna. I left out about March or April of 1973. It is sad to hear the base was closed this way
2 November 2022 at 20:46
My husband served at KAS June 1962-Dec 1963 with USAF Det 3, Able Trick. He was a Y202; radio intercept analyst specialist. He did not speak much about his time there, but he made a lifelong friend of one of his fellow Airmen. The Cuban Missile Crisis changed our plans for me and our son to join him. I still have the letters he wrote during his overseas assignment. I enjoy re-reading them–it’s very satisfying for an elderly widow to read loving letters from a young, lovestruck husband. He passed away in May of 2010, but I would love to hear from anyone out there who remembers Mel Slotemaker.
17 December 2022 at 21:20
I was transferred to Karamursel from Sidi Yahia Morocco in Feb 58. Spent 18 months there until my enlistment was up in summer of 59. Was in Charlie section as a CT3 R branch. Photo of the group is on Ron Schnieders photos of Karamursel 58-59. I’m on the ground looking to my left at the guy with the olympic drinking team jacket on. Enjoyed the time spent at Karamursel and at the green tree, paying for a girl with a load of female undies from the px in Istanbul. Also met a nice Danish family that had a villa on Buycada with two nice daughters. Knew a couple of guys who married Turkish women and elected to live in Turkey after they got out of the Navy.
17 December 2022 at 23:41
Was at Trabzon in 1957/58. lived in house in the town . Was a house in town where C.O. was also contained PX, medic,Airmans club ,and room where they showed movies. used to swim and snorkle in Black Sea . People were great. Had clothes made( Casmir sport coats) by Sabri (local tailor) Tommy Sabri, the son spoke English . on several occasions we rented a cab and he took us to various places(hospital, etc. in and around Trabzon). Was a great 13 months in Turkey!! I would love to see what it is like now!!! I am now 85 and live in Kansas, so that isn’t happening!!! Enjoy reading these comments!!!
17 January 2023 at 14:11
I was stationed at Karamursel in 1974. The morning I left, the bay was filled with Turkish warships. (Usually there were only 2 Sunfish sailboats for military recreation). Two days later the Turks invaded Cyprus. Friends slated to leave Karumersel (and the Air Force) in August were forced to extend their service for a year as the Turkish borders were closed. Only medivac flights to Germany were permitted.
3 March 2023 at 16:07
Did you forget the Marine Corps stationed there. I saved one air force guy in Istanbull.
3 March 2023 at 16:17
Graduated fromhigh school with Larry Betz!!!
8 March 2023 at 21:46
I was stationed at Karamursel from 1973-1976, was the main cashier at the Accounting & Finance building. Name is Duke OConnor, and email is firstname.lastname@example.org
9 March 2023 at 17:31
Anybody that checked into Karamursel circa 57- 58 had to give their records to PN Don Becker.
After the Navy, he went into law enforcement in the Carbondale Pa area. i read he passed away a
few years ago. He also has a web site called “Merhaba Turkey” describing his trip to Karamursel and
his time spent there.
2 April 2023 at 07:06
interesting stuff.. I was 7 to 9 yrs old in turkey in 61-63. maybe ’64. I was there when Kennedy was shot. My dad worked at Jusmmat but I heard the word Tuslog alot He got a big medal for what ever it was he was doing there at the time . joint commendation medal as i recall. he never discussed it with us though. I remember touring eastern turkey with our family, all the town names in this blog are familiar. He was Cdr. john W. Ingham . I’m one of his three sons. Interesting that all the places we visited as a family seem to have been Tuslog sites. Also, He traveled without is out of country to Countries with Tuslog sites Libya , Greece, Italy. Brought us a beatles album back from Germany from one of his travels. I remember we called the world book encyclopedia Turkish television. because there was no TV in ankara. I seem to remember Greg Noll’s (famous surfer) brother was stationed at site 23 near Ankara but that may be off. and I remember going to see Bob Hope In Ankara. Anyway, thanks for the memories.