Post Cold War and IO
After the cold war the Naval Security Group (NSG) change in direction and focus because of the shifting world geopolitical environment. What was considered a top priority for the nation no longer had the same concerns and as a result the NSG pivoted towards new mission sets.
Although the primary mission for NSG was signal intelligence (SIGINT), the community refocused some of its efforts and resources to support Information Operations (IO) and Information Warfare (IW). At the time Joint doctrine included IW as a subset of IO.
As a result of this pivot, the Naval Network Warfare Command (NNWC) was created in 2002 by the Secretary of the Navy as the operational authority that coordinated all information technology, IO and space requirements for the Navy. On May 1, 2005, three years later, the cryptologic officers designator changed from 1610 (Cryptologic) officer to 1810 (Information Warfare) officer. This new title for the officers fell in line with the IO doctrine; however, soon the doctrine changed and IW was removed – leaving IW officers having to explain who they were and what they did to those outside of the community. On September 30, 2005 the NSG Command was decommissioned and all functions and missions were transferred to the Information Operations Directorate (IOD) of NNWC, located at Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base (NAB) in Norfolk, VA. The mission of IOD was to synchronize the IO and SIGINT mission within NNWC. On September 30, 2005 all subordinate Naval Security Group Activities/Detachments (NSGA/NSGD) commands where decommissioned and on October 1, 2005 recommissioned has Navy Information Operations Commands/Detachments (NIOC/NIOD).
Although the community was now identified as the center for IO and some areas within SIGINT started to morph into the IO lexicon, the SIGINT was still very much part of the community’s mission and business – regardless of the title given. The primary mission was to provide timely and accurate information to decision makers across all levels of government.
The title of cryptologic officer basic training course also changed with the evolution of the community. During the cold-war, the Cryptologic Division Officer Course (CDOC) trained the junior officers with a 19 week course. However, sometime after 1996, CDOC was changed to the Naval Cryptologic Officer Basic Course (NCOBC) and was cut to 11 weeks. Training was again cut to eight weeks in 2004. In 2005, following the 1610 (Cryptologic) officer designator change to 1810 (Information Warfare), the course name was changed again to the Entry Level Information Warfare Officer Course (ELIWOC). As a result of the IO mission being incorporated in the community’s mission, ELIWOC incorporated IO topics into the course while cutting some of the fundamentals of SIGINT.